New Wave is a subgenre of rock music that emerged in the mid to late 1970s alongside punk rock. The term at first generally was synonymous with punk rock before being considered a genre in its own right that incorporated aspects of electronic and experimental music,mod subculture, and disco, rock and 1960s pop music. While it incorporated much of the original punk rock sound and ethos, such as an emphasis on short and punchy songs, it was characterized by greater complexity in both music and lyrics. The 1990s, 2000s, and 2010s have seen revivals. Acts influenced by New Wave music had become popular by 2004, and the genre was subsequently influential on the indie rock movement.
Unlike in the United States, in the United Kingdom “New Wave” is defined as a genre that is limited to acts that played a hybrid of punk rock and other styles during the late 1970s and early 1980s.
Music historian Vernon Joynson states that New Wave emerged in the UK in late 1976, when many bands began disassociating themselves from punk. Music that followed the anarchic garage band ethos of the Sex Pistols was distinguished as “punk”, while music that tended toward experimentation, lyrical complexity, or more polished production, came to be categorized as “New Wave”
During the 2000s a number of acts emerged that mined from a diversity of New Wave and post-punk influences. Among these were The Strokes,Interpol, Franz Ferdinand, The Epoxies, She Wants Revenge, Bloc Party, Foals, Kaiser Chiefs, and The Killers . These acts were sometimes labeled “New New Wave”. By 2004 these acts were described as “hot”. New Wave became revived during the late 2000s with acts such as The Sounds, The Ting Tings, The Birthday Massacre, Tegan and Sara, Hot Chip, Cut Copy, MGMT, Passion Pit, The Presets,La Roux, Ladytron, Shiny Toy Guns, Santigold,Hockey, Gwen Stefani, Ladyhawke and Marina and the Diamonds. While some journalists and fans regarded this as a revival, others argue that the phenomenon is a continuation of the original movements